Research papers used to design FluidStride’s running gait analysis. Our research is mainly focused on human pose estimation and running biomechanics.

Computer Vision

Human Pose Estimation

[1] G. Papandreou, T. Zhu, N. Kanazawa, A. Toshev, J. Tompson, C. Bregler, and K. Murphy, “Towards Accurate Multi-Person Pose Estimation in the Wild,” Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2017. [Online]. Available:

[2] G. Papandreou, T. Zhu, L.-C. Chen, S. Gidaris, J. Tompson, and K. Murphy, “Personlab: Person pose estimation and instance segmentation with a bottom-up, part-based, geometric embedding model,” Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), 2018. Available:

[3] Y. Kudo, K. Ogaki, Y. Matsui, and Y. Odagiri, “Unsupervised Adversarial Learning of 3D Human Pose from 2D Joint Locations,”, 22-Mar-2018. [Online]. Available:

[4] M. Andriluka, L. Pishchulin, P. Gehler, and B. Schiele, “2D Human Pose Estimation: New Benchmark and State of the Art Analysis,” IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), Jun. 2014.

[5] C. Ionescu, D. Papava, V. Olaru, and C. Sminchisescu, “Human3.6M: Large Scale Datasets and Predictive Methods for 3D Human Sensing in Natural Environments,” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 1325–1339, 2014.

[6] C. Ionescu, F. Li, and C. Sminchisescu, “Latent structured models for human pose estimation,” 2011 International Conference on Computer Vision, 2011.

[7] T.-Y. Lin, M. Maire, S. Belongie, L. Bourdev, R. Girshick, J. Hays, P. Perona, D. Ramanan, C. L. Zitnick, and P. Dollár, “Microsoft COCO: Common Objects in Context,”, 21-Feb-2015. [Online]. Available:


General Biomechanics

[8] P. D. Leva, “Adjustments to Zatsiorsky-Seluyanov’s segment inertia parameters,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 1223–1230, 1996.

Running Gait

[9] T. F. Novacheck, “The biomechanics of running,” Gait & Posture, 21-May-1998. [Online]. Available:

[10] T. Exell, M. Gittoes, G. Irwin, and D. Kerwin, “Gait asymmetry: Composite scores for mechanical analyses of sprint running,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 1108–1111, 2012.

[11] I. S. Moore, “Is There an Economical Running Technique? A Review of Modifiable Biomechanical Factors Affecting Running Economy,” Sports Medicine, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 793–807, 2016.

[12] J. P. Folland, S. J. Allen, M. I. Black, J. C. Handsaker, and S. E. Forrester, “Running Technique is an Important Component of Running Economy and Performance,” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 1412–1423, 2017.